Two-phase Orthodontic Treatment
What is the two-phase treatment and what are the advantages?
Two-phase orthodontic treatment is a specialized process which combines orthodontics with dento-facial orthopedics. This allow the orthodontist to change the growth rate of the jaws and the facial bones when the patient is young. Two-phase treatment is important because it maximizes the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, aesthetic, and functional result that will remain beautiful throughout your life.
What happens if i put off treatment?
Putting off phase I orthodontic treatment can result in a need for more aggressive treatment later in life that may not completely fix the skeletal issues since the growth can not be modified anymore. In these cases early treatment is essential for achieving ideal and lasting results.
How does the two-phase treatment work?
Phase One / Early Treatment
The goals of phase one treatment are to help the jaw develop in a way that will accommodate all of the permanent teeth and improve the way the upper and lower jaws fit together. Early signs of jaw problems can be detected in children as they grow and develop. For instance an upper jaw that is growing too forward or is too narrow compared to the lower jaw can be recognized at an early age. These children are great candidates for orthodontic treatment since these problems are easily corrected at an early age. Crowding could also be addressed at this time. Early planning can ensure a beautiful smile later. The duration of this phase is typically six to twelve months. Children benefit greatly from early phase treatment. Receiving early treatment can prevent the removal of permanent teeth later in life, and the need for surgery to correct any jaw abnormalities.
Resting And Monitoring Period
After completion of phase one the remaining permanent teeth are left alone as they erupt. Retainers are not usually recommended because they could slow down or interfere with the eruption. It is recommended to allow the existing permanent teeth some freedom of movement. A successful first phase should have created enough room for all the permanent teeth to find an eruption path. Otherwise, they may become impacted or displaced.
After first phase of treatment is completed, your teeth are not yet in their final positions. The final positions of your teeth will be established in the second phase of treatment. Removal of specific baby teeth may be recommended in order to create more space or to quicken the eruption of permanent teeth. Because of this, you may need periodic appointments for observation, usually every six months to a year.
The goal of the second phase is to ensure each tooth is in the correct location in the mouth where it fits perfectly with the lips, tongue, cheeks and other teeth. When this balance is established, your teeth will function together properly. Phase two begins when all permanent teeth have erupted and usually involves upper and lower braces for about 24 months on average. Retainers are worn after this phase two so you retain your beautiful new smile.